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Reference FCO 82/202
Department/Office Foreign Office
Title Energy policy of United States (1972)
Description Analysis by the British Ambassador, Lord Cromer,on the US Energy Crisis and the Environment. Lord Cromer suggests that the US is facing a growing energy problem which has worsened over the past three years. There is no shortage of energy at present as long as the shortfall in domestic production can be made up by imports. However by 1985 more than half the oil and significant share of the gas required will have to be imported and the amounts are large which poses a security risk and a heavy burden on the balance of payments. The problem, Lord Cromer asserts, has been exacerbated by the preoccupation with improving the environment. Action is required to expand domestic production and limit growth of demand. The US as a major energy importer will create pressures that may have an impact on UK supplies. Remedying the energy shortage may offer opportunities for the sale of British equipment and technology. In 1971 the President sent Congress a message setting out a number of proposals for relieving the impending shortage which included an expanded research and development programme particularly on the fast breeder reactor and coal gasification; accelerated leasing on the Continental Shelf, of oil shale deposits and sites for the production of geothermal energy; a campaign for economy in the use of fuel.
Date 1972
Collection The Nixon Years, 1969-1974
Region North America
Countries United States, United Kingdom
Places Alaska; Britain; China; Middle East; Russia; Soviet Union; United Kingdom; United States of America
People Cromer, 3rd Earl of; Douglas-Home, Sir Alec
Topics Balance of Payments; British Embassy; Coal; Congress; Department of State; Department of the Interior; Economy; Energy; Environment; Oil; organisation; Payments; Pollution; Protectionist; Supreme Court; The Nine; Trade; White House
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK