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Reference FCO 82/536
Department/Office Foreign Office
Title USA: Annual Review for 1974 (1975)
Description 1974 was the year of the resignation of President Nixon. As a result of Watergate all aspects of US Government are exposed to intense scrutiny. The era of executive supremacy over the legislature has ended. The mid-term elections strengthened the control of the Democrats over Congress which will assert increasing influence over domestic and foreign policy. US/European relations ended the year on a better note. US faith in the UN was reduced. In NATO the American contribution was maintained as was a unified approach to the MBFR and Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) negotiations. The energy crisis - US active in organising cooperation between the oil consuming nations. The domestic economy had a difficult year. Inflation remained 12%. Recession became a reality. Congress passed Trade Reform Act. US/Soviet relations on course. Vladivostok marked a further step forward in the SALT negotiations. In the Middle East Dr Kissinger achieved Israeli disengagement with Egypt and Syria.
Date 1975
Collection The Nixon Years, 1969-1974
Region North America
Countries United States, Soviet Union, Israel, Egypt, Syria
Places Alaska; Britain; Cambodia; Canada; Chile; Cuba; Cyprus; Egypt; Europe; France; Geneva; Germany; Hanoi; India; Israel; Japan; Korea; Latin America; Libya; Mexico; Middle East; Saudi Arabia; South Vietnam; Soviet Union; Suez Canal; Syria; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States of America; Vietnam
People Ash, Roy; Brezhnev, Leonid; Buckley, James; Callaghan, James; Colby, William; d'Estaing, Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard; Ehrlichman, John D; Haig, Alexander; Kennedy, Edward Moore; Mitchell, John; Ramsbotham, Sir Peter; Rush, Kenneth; Sadat, Muhammad Anwar Al; Stans, Maurice
Topics Aid; Arab; Arms; British Embassy; Burden sharing; CIA (Central Intelligence Agency); Coal; Congress; Conservation; Defence; Democratic Party; Department of State; Detente; Dirty tricks; Draft; Economic policy; Economy; Elections; Energy; Environment; Exports; Federal Reserve; foreign policy; General Motors; Impeachment; Inflation; Mid-Term elections; Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV); Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions (MBFR); My Lai Massacre; North Atlantic Treaty Association (NATO); Nuclear Weapons; Office of Management and Budget; Oil; organisation; Organisation of American States; Payments; Price controls; Race; Recession; Republican Party; State of the Union Message; Supreme Court; Taxes; The Nine; Trade; Trade Bill; Trade policy; Trade Reform Bill; Treasury; Unemployment; United Nations; Vice President; Wages; Watergate; White House; withdrawal; World Food Conference; Year of Europe
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