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Reference FCO 82/175
Department/Office Foreign Office
Title Presidential Elections of 1972 in United States (1972)
Description Report on the outcome of the 1972 election. President Nixon won a crushing victory over a left-of-centre Democratic opponent, but this does not mean that the Republican Party has won a victory. A Low poll resulting from disillusionment among McGovern supporters and apathy among the electorate. There was also not conclusive evidence that Nixon has won his new conservative majority. Congress is still controlled by the Democratic Party. Electorate have a distrust of too much power residing in any one place or party. Democrats divided over reason for defeat. Conservatives blame the liberals. They need to be able to attract back supporters of Governor Wallace who in 1972 became a block of floating voters. The Democratic Congress will try to oppose certain efforts by Nixon to hold down the federal budget and prevent a tax increase. The labour scene, including the future of wage-price controls and pressures for protectionist legislation may be where Congress and the President really disagree. Both the Republican and Democrat parties have tried to create mutually exclusive coalitions of supporters but in the future there may be the emergence of the American floating voter.
Date 1972
Collection The Nixon Years, 1969-1974
Region North America
Countries United States
Places Africa; Alaska; Asia; Australia; Britain; China; Cuba; Eastern Europe; Europe; France; Germany; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Korea; Latin America; Mediterranean; Mexico; Middle East; Mideast; South Vietnam; Soviet Union; Thailand; United Kingdom; United States of America; Uruguay; Vietnam
People Ashbrook, John M; Brezhnev, Leonid; Castro, Fidel; Chayes, Abram; Cromer, 3rd Earl of; Douglas-Home, Sir Alec; Ehrlichman, John D; Heath, Edward; Johnson, Lyndon Baines; Johnston, Bennett; Kennedy, Robert F; Kissinger, Henry; Laird, Melvin R; McGovern, George
Topics Agriculture; Aid; Armed services; Arms; British Embassy; CIA (Central Intelligence Agency); Communist; Congress; Council on Environmental Quality; Crime; Defence; Democratic Party; Department of Defense; Department of State; Detente; Disarmament; Draft; Drugs; Economy; Education; Elections; Energy; Environment; European Security; foreign policy; Health; Inflation; Isolationism; Japanese; Law and Order; Military appropriations; Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV); Narcotics; Nixon Doctrine; North Atlantic Treaty Association (NATO); Nuclear Weapons; Oil; Pentagon; Pollution; Price controls; Protectionist; Race; Recession; Republican Party; State Department; Taxation; Taxes; The Nine; Trade; Trade policy; Trade unions; troops; Unemployment; United Nations; United Nations National Security Council; Vice President; Vietnam War; Warsaw Pact; Watergate; Welfare; White House
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK